The Arkansas is believed to have been crossed by the Spanish explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado in 1541 near the site of Dodge City, Kan., and in 1806 the American explorer Zebulon Pike travelled through the upper reaches. Rising in the Klamath Mountains, the river flows south for 400 miles (640 km) before reaching the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and San Francisco Bay.The river … Copyright ©1995 - 2020 The American River. Updates? How does a boater embark on the Great Loop? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Paddle the River. The major reservoirs in the basin are the Falcon Reservoir on the lower Rio Grande, Lake Toronto (impounded by La Boquilla Dam) on the Conchos, Elephant Butte on the Rio Grande in New Mexico, Marte Gómez (El Azúcar Dam) reservoir on the San Juan, and Venustiano Carranza (Don Martín Dam) on the Salado. From its sources in the San Juan Mountains of southwestern Colorado, the Rio Grande flows to the southeast and south for 175 miles (280 km) in Colorado, southerly for about 470 miles (760 km) across New Mexico, and southeasterly for about 1,240 miles (2,000 km) between Texas and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the Gulf of Mexico. The American is a 2010 American action thriller film directed by Anton Corbijn and starring George Clooney, Thekla Reuten, Violante Placido, Irina Björklund, and Paolo Bonacelli. The Rio Grande basin and its drainage network. The Rio Grande flowing through the desert at the foot of the Chisos Mountains in Big Bend National Park, Texas. It leaves the mountains near Canon City through the Royal Gorge, a narrow canyon cut into solid granite with vertical walls more than 1,000 feet (300 m) high. Coloma Resort takes pride in connecting guests with nature, adventure and history! The Missouri River is the longest river in North America. Not only below Fort Quitman but also in many stretches of the river from the New Mexico–Colorado border to below Brownsville, Texas, there has been no surface flow at various times. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The principal tributaries of the Rio Grande are the Pecos, Devils, Chama, and Puerco rivers in the United States and the Conchos, Salado, and San Juan in Mexico. There, declining elevation, decreasing latitude, and increasing aridity and temperature produce a transition from a cold steppe climate with a vegetation of piñon pine, juniper, and sagebrush to a hot steppe and desert climate characterized by mesquite, creosote bush, cactus, yucca, and other desert plants. Explore miles of riverside roads and trails. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Rio Grande, Spanish Río Grande del Norte, or (in Mexico) Río Bravo, or Río Bravo del Norte, fifth longest river of North America, and the 20th longest in the world, forming the border between the U.S. state of Texas and Mexico. You’ve come to the right place for fun, especially this year! Rio Grande, fifth longest river of North America, and the 20th longest in the world, forming the border between the U.S. state of Texas and Mexico. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Where will you find a polynya? Excluding areas irrigated above the reservoirs, the river provides water for some 2,100,000 acres (850,000 hectares) of cropland; slightly more than half of the irrigated land is in Mexico. Because a large proportion of the river’s basin is arid or semiarid, however, only about half of the total area, or about 176,000 square miles (456,000 square km), actually contributes to the river’s flow. If you start in Chicago, continue south in a counter-clockwise direction to take advantage of the river currents that run into the Mississippi River. All rights reserved. Updates? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. American Rivers has been fighting to remove the dams since 2000. Irrigation has been practiced in the Rio Grande basin since prehistoric times, notably among the ancestors of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico. Shortly before entering the Gulf Coastal Plain, the Rio Grande cuts three canyons between 1,500 and 1,700 feet (460 and 520 metres) in depth across the faulted area occupied by the “big bend,” where the Texas side of the river comprises the Big Bend National Park. Author of. Between Canon City and Great Bend, Kan., the Arkansas River’s channel is wide and shallow and meanders through a dry area that is extensively irrigated. Wilderness Adventure Based on the novel A … Sort out the facts and discover where some of the longest, shortest, and hottest bodies of water lie. Heavy rainfalls upstream will occasionally cause floods. It has a total fall of 11,400 feet (3,475 m), and its drainage basin covers 161,000 square miles (417,000 square km). Located on the South […], At H2O Adventures, we aren’t here to tell you that we are the “Best” or “Highest […], Friends of the River was founded in 1973 during the struggle to save the Stanislaus River […]. Tributaries of the Kansas are the Big Blue, the Republican, the Solomon, the Saline, and the Smoky Hill, all in northern Kansas. Enjoy natural surroundings and clean air. The North Fork of the American River offers challenging, splash-in-your-face fun in a wild and scenic canyon. Considerable amounts of hydroelectricity are produced within the basin. Along the remainder of its course the river wanders sluggishly across the Gulf Coastal Plain to end in a fertile delta where it joins the Gulf of Mexico. Whitewater outfitters offer options for quiet floats with children, wild action for gung-ho paddlers, and everything in-between. The area within the entire watershed of the Rio Grande is some 336,000 square miles (870,000 square km). The Klamath River … From the Constitution to the chambers on Capitol Hill, learn more about American history and politics by taking this quiz.
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